Dominoes are a type of game that is played by placing dominoes, also known as bones, on the table and then scoring points by laying them end to end. Each domino has a unique pattern of spots, or pips, on one side and is blank or identically patterned on the other. Dominoes are generally twice as long as they are wide and can be stacked on top of each other.
While there are many games that can be played with dominoes, the most common is a simple set of four or more dominoes arranged in a line on the table. Each player then places a domino on the ends of the line, placing it so that it touches both adjacent tiles and forms a chain that continues to increase in length. Players then take turns playing tiles onto the chain until it is complete or the chains reach a point at which no further progress can be made and the game is over.
When a player cannot play a tile or the chain cannot be extended, they may “chip out” and pass the turn to their opponent. The winner is the player with the least number of total points on all their remaining dominoes. There are several variations of this game, but all require that the dominoes be arranged edge to end, with each pair of adjacent tiles showing the same number.
In more complicated domino chains, each player must play a tile in such a way that the two exposed ends of the tile match. This requires that each player keep a count of the number of pips on each end. A domino that has both ends with the same value is said to be a double and may score additional points in certain games.
Some players create elaborate domino art that is arranged on the floor, such as curved lines, grids that form pictures, or 3D structures such as towers and pyramids. This art can be a great way to relax and unwind or to challenge your creativity.
When creating a domino setup, it is important to consider the overall theme or purpose of your installation. Then brainstorm images or words that correspond with this theme. Finally, sketch out a plan for your design. This will help you to visualize your project and make any necessary changes before beginning the build.
While many dominoes are now made of polymer, historically sets were constructed from a variety of natural materials including bone, silver lip oyster shell (mother of pearl), ivory, and dark hardwoods such as ebony. In addition to being more visually appealing, natural materials are often more durable and have a better feel than the polymer alternatives. In the 21st century, a number of companies have begun to produce dominoes from environmentally friendly and recycled material such as bamboo and jute. These greener options are becoming more popular with consumers.